The Sites

Samos is full of history and there are many incredible and fascinating sites to visit including two UNESCO World Heritage Sites. This is by no means an exhaustive list, just some suggested starting points…

The Temple of Hera (the Heraion) near Pythagorio

Considered to be one of the most important archeological sites in the world, this is the site of the original temple to Hera (and allegedly the site of the birthplace of Hera). It also shows the remains of a Roman temple and settlement and numerous other smaller temples. It has recently been improved with details about the various parts of the site found around the grounds but it’s worth having a guidebook to help it all make sense. This is one of Samos’ World Heritage Sites (the other being Pythagorio itself).


The Archeological Museum in Samos Town

A museum with a huge number of finds from around the island, the exhibits are split into two buildings: the ‘old’ museum and the ‘new’ museum, opened in 1987, that houses the archaic sculpture collection, including the famous colossal Kouros. The museum is good to visit after the Heraion to see many of the original artifacts from the site.

The Cave of Pythagoras near Kambos

The refuge of Pythagoras whilst he was on the run from Polycrates. The cave is siutated some 300m up from the parking area for the site by means of steps. A second cave has recently been opened up (accessible via a very precipitous path) close to the main cave and this is said by some to be the ‘real’ cave of Pythagoras.


The Genovese Castle near Potami

If you visit the Potami Falls and Gorge, it is worth making a slight detour to visit the remains of this small castle. The path can be found at the side of the church (on the way to the Potami Falls) – it is clearly signposted. The way up is steep but worth the effort for the remains and the view.


The Eupalinus Tunnel near Pythagorio

A supply tunnel for the ancient city that provided water from a source that was located at the other end of the mountain near the village of Mytilinioi. The major significance of this project is that the workers began digging on both sides of the mountain (from the Mytilinioi and Pythagorio sides) and met in the middle with only a marginal deviation. It is considered to be one of the greatest achievements for the era and one that boosted science (especially geometry) as we know it.